Research and Scholarly Activity

In the Department of Medicine, we have an active research program that provides ample opportunities for our students and residents to participate with faculty in research and scholarly activities. We offer experiences that enable discovery and promote creativity. Together, we are committed to pursuing inquiry, disseminating knowledge, and fostering critical thinking that encourages lifelong learning.

Research and Scholarly Activity, 2011-16

Medicine Research Chart

Recent Publications

Frequency of Cholesterol Crystals in Culprit Coronary Artery Aspirate During Acute Myocardial Infarction and Their Relation to Inflammation and Myocardial Injury.
Abela GS, Kalavakunta JK, Janoudi A, Leffler D, Dhar G, Salehi N, Cohn J, Shah I, Karve M, Kotaru VPK, Gupta V, David S, Narisetty KK, Rich M, Vanderberg A, Pathak DR, Shamoun FE
Am J Cardiol. 2017 Aug 31
PMID: 28867129

Donor-transmitted melanoma after limbal stem cell transplantation.
Alsara A, Rafi M
Avicenna J Med. 2017 Apr-Jun; 7:2:75-77
PMID: 28469991

Cholesterol crystal embolization following plaque rupture: a systemic disease with unusual features.
Ghanem F, Vodnala D, K Kalavakunta J, Durga S, Thormeier N, Subramaniyam P, Abela S, S Abela G
J Biomed Res. 2017 Jan 19; 31:2:82-94
PMID: 28808190

Rare case of Rhizobium radiobacter bioprosthetic mitral valve endocarditis.
Halas R, Jacob C, Badwal K, Mir R
IDCases. 2017; 10:88-90
PMID: 29034174

Regadenoson cardiac stress test-induced stress cardiomyopathy.
Kalavakunta JK, Zoltowska DM, Agrawal Y, Gupta V
BMJ Case Rep. 2017 Aug 10; 2017
PMID: 28798245

Successful fluoroless ablation of an incessant atypical atrial flutter attributed to AtriClip usage during mini-MAZE surgery for persistent atrial fibrillation.
Liu X, Pratt J, Palmer J
HeartRhythm Case Rep. 2017 Jul; 3:7:352-356
PMID: 28748143

Malignant hypertension as a rare cause of thrombotic microangiopathy.
Thind G, Kailasam K
BMJ Case Rep. 2017 Jun 8; 2017
PMID: 28596204

A case of congenital coronary-pulmonary fistulas presenting as spontaneous mediastinal haemorrhage.
Thind GS, Agrawal Y, Kalavakunta JK, Lapenna R
BMJ Case Rep. 2017 Jul 19; 2017
PMID: 28724599

Hiding in plain sight: a case of chronic disseminated histoplasmosis with central nervous system involvement.
Thind GS, Patri S
BMJ Case Rep. 2017 Jul 6; 2017
PMID: 28687695

A case of acyclovir neurotoxicity presenting with atypical cerebrospinal fluid findings.
Thind GS, Roach R
BMJ Case Rep. 2017 May 22; 2017
PMID: 28536235

Rare case of massive bilateral chylothorax.
Thind GS, Zoltowska DM, Agrawal Y
BMJ Case Rep. 2017 Sep 7; 2017
PMID: 28883011

Intubation During In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.
Wilt JL, Lee D
JAMA. 2017 May 16; 317:19:2019
PMID: 28510672

Epithelioid angiosarcoma of the vulva: A case report.
Yost S, Bradish J, Grossheim L, Hoekstra A
Gynecol Oncol Rep. 2017 Aug; 21:91-93
PMID: 28795130

A Case of Isolated Right Ventricle Noncompaction with ST-Elevation Chest Leads.
Aggarwal S, Kalavakunta J, Gupta V
Heart Views. 2016 Jan-Mar; 17:1:30-4
PMID: 27293528

Left atrial septal pouch thrombus: A common pathology in an uncommon location.
Aggarwal S, Kalavakunta J, Gupta V
Int J Cardiol. 2016 Jun 1; 212:369-70
PMID: 27061466

All that looks like "Brugada" is not "Brugada": Case series of Brugada phenocopy caused by hyponatremia.
Agrawal Y, Aggarwal S, Kalavakunta JK, Gupta V
J Saudi Heart Assoc. 2016 Oct; 28:4:274-7
PMID: 27688678

A rare cause of recurrent aortic dissection.
Agrawal Y, Gupta V
J Saudi Heart Assoc. 2016 Jul; 28:3:176-9
PMID: 27358537

To treat the patient and not the telemetry: Electric toothbrush causing hospital admission.
Agrawal Y, Gupta V
Int J Cardiol. 2016 Oct 15; 221:112-3
PMID: 27400307

An alien in the heart.
Agrawal Y, Kalavakunta JK, Gupta V
J Saudi Heart Assoc. 2016 Jul; 28:3:167-9
PMID: 27358534

Antiarrhythmic Agent Induced Ventricular Tachycardia.
Agrawal Y, Kalavakunta JK, Gupta V
Am J Ther. 2016 Aug 17
PMID: 27574940

Neurocardiogenic Syncope and Supraventricular Tachycardia in Association with a Rare Congenital Aortic Valve Abnormality.
Agrawal Y, Kalavakunta JK, Gupta V, Lapenna W
Case Rep Cardiol. 2016; 2016:8136079
PMID: 27891259

Aorto-left atrial fistula: Rare cause of acute cardiac failure in a previously healthy individual.
Agrawal Y, Konda M, Kalavakunta JK
J Saudi Heart Assoc. 2016 Oct; 28:4:270-3
PMID: 27688677

Large Saphenous Venous Graft Aneurysm with Right Atrial Fistulous Communication: Case Report and Review of Literature.
Agrawal Y, Kotaru VP, Kalavakunta JK, Gupta V
Heart Views. 2016 Apr-Jun; 17:2:66-8
PMID: 27512535

Antipsychotic Therapy-Induced New Onset Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
Agrawal Y, Lingala K, Tokala H, Kalavakunta JK
Am J Ther. 2016 Nov/Dec; 23:6:e1944-e1945
PMID: 26741957

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis in dextrocardia with situs inversus: First reported case in the United States.
Agrawal Y, Miller M, Pratt JW, Martin D, Kalavakunta JK, Saltiel F, Gupta V
Int J Cardiol. 2016 Apr 15; 209:137-8
PMID: 26889599

Demographic parameters related to 30-day readmission of patients with acute myocardial infarction: Analysis of 2,371,867 hospitalizations.
Agrawal Y, Panaich S, Aggarwal S, Saltiel F, Kalavakunta JK, Gupta V
Int J Cardiol. 2016 Jul 1; 214:408-9
PMID: 27088399

Demographic parameters related to 30-day readmission of patients with pulmonary embolism: Analysis of 650,819 hospitalizations.
Agrawal Y, Patri S, Chhatrala H, Joseph S, Saltiel F, Kalavakunta JK, Gupta V
Int J Cardiol. 2016 Oct 15; 221:152-4
PMID: 27400313

Right Lung Agenesis with Tracheal Stenosis due to Complete Tracheal Rings and Postpneumonectomy Like Syndrome Treated with Tissue Expander Placement.
Agrawal Y, Patri S, Kalavakunta JK
Case Rep Pulmonol. 2016; 2016:4397641
PMID: 27882259

Retinopathy of prematurity screening leading to cardiopulmonary arrest: fatal complication of a benign procedure.
Agrawal Y, Patri S, Kalavakunta JK, Gupta V
BMJ Case Rep. 2016 Jul 28; 2016
PMID: 27469387

Coronary Atherectomy in the United States (from a Nationwide Inpatient Sample).
Arora S, Panaich SS, Patel N, Patel NJ, Savani C, Patel SV, Thakkar B, Sonani R, Jhamnani S, Singh V, Lahewala S, Patel A, Bhatt P, Shah H, Jaiswal R, Gupta V, Deshmukh A, Kondur A, Schreiber T, Badheka AO, Grines C
Am J Cardiol. 2016 Feb 15; 117:4:555-62
PMID: 26732421

Overview of the preclinical pharmacological properties of Nigella sativa (black seeds): a complementary drug with historical and clinical significance.
Dajani EZ, Shahwan TG, Dajani NE
J Physiol Pharmacol. 2016 Dec; 67:6:801-817
PMID: 28195061

Editorial: Can Renal Denervation Work? Yes, But First One Must Denervate. Lessons from Human Renal Sympathetic Nerve Anatomy.
Fischell TA
J Interv Cardiol. 2016 Dec; 29:6:601-602
PMID: 27905168

Transcatheter Alcohol-Mediated Perivascular Renal Denervation With the Peregrine System: First-in-Human Experience.
Fischell TA, Ebner A, Gallo S, Ikeno F, Minarsch L, Vega F, Haratani N, Ghazarossian VE
JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2016 Mar 28; 9:6:589-98
PMID: 27013159

Cholesterol crystal induced arterial inflammation and destabilization of atherosclerotic plaque.
Janoudi A, Shamoun FE, Kalavakunta JK, Abela GS
Eur Heart J. 2016 Jul 1; 37:25:1959-67
PMID: 26705388

Rare Red Rashes: A Case Report of Levetiracetam-Induced Cutaneous Reaction and Review of the Literature.
Jones RT, Evans W, Mersfelder TL, Kavanaugh K
Am J Ther. 2016 May-Jun; 23:3:e944-6
PMID: 25259954

Metformin and Angiogenesis in Cancer - Revisited.
Kannarkatt J, Alkharabsheh O, Tokala H, Dimitrov NV
Oncology. 2016; 91:4:179-184
PMID: 27487294

Orthostatic increase in defibrillation threshold leading to defibrillation failure and prolonged cardiac arrest in a sitting position: Lessons from a patient's near-fatal experience.
Liu X, Asirvatham S, Kabell GG
HeartRhythm Case Rep. 2016 Jul; 2:4:313-317
PMID: 28491699

Man's best friend: How humans can develop Dirofilaria immitis infections.
Malik D, Amaraneni A, Singh S, Roach R
IDCases. 2016; 4:43-5
PMID: 27077028

Gabapentin: Abuse, Dependence, and Withdrawal.
Mersfelder TL, Nichols WH
Ann Pharmacother. 2016 Mar; 50:3:229-33
PMID: 26721643

Reply: Gabapentin: Abuse, Dependence, and Withdrawal.
Mersfelder TL, Nichols WH
Ann Pharmacother. 2016 Aug; 50:8:692
PMID: 27323794

In-Hospital Outcomes of Atherectomy During Endovascular Lower Extremity Revascularization.
Panaich SS, Arora S, Patel N, Patel NJ, Patel SV, Savani C, Singh V, Jhamnani S, Sonani R, Lahewala S, Thakkar B, Patel A, Dave A, Shah H, Bhatt P, Jaiswal R, Ghatak A, Gupta V, Deshmukh A, Kondur A, Schreiber T, Grines C, Badheka AO
Am J Cardiol. 2016 Feb 15; 117:4:676-84
PMID: 26732418

Intravascular Ultrasound in Lower Extremity Peripheral Vascular Interventions: Variation in Utilization and Impact on In-Hospital Outcomes From the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2006-2011).
Panaich SS, Arora S, Patel N, Patel NJ, Savani C, Patel A, Thakkar B, Singh V, Patel S, Patel N, Agnihotri K, Bhatt P, Deshmukh A, Gupta V, Attaran RR, Mena CI, Grines CL, Cleman M, Forrest JK, Badheka AO
J Endovasc Ther. 2016 Feb; 23:1:65-75
PMID: 26637836

Comparison of In-Hospital Mortality, Length of Stay, Postprocedural Complications, and Cost of Single-Vessel Versus Multivessel Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Hemodynamically Stable Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (from Nationwide Inpatient Sample [2006 to 2012]).
Panaich SS, Arora S, Patel N, Schreiber T, Patel NJ, Pandya B, Gupta V, Grines CL, Deshmukh A, Badheka AO
Am J Cardiol. 2016 Oct 1; 118:7:950-8
PMID: 27522303

Hyponatremic Seizures With Severe Tongue Contusion After Initial Use of Intranasal DDAVP.
Patri S, Agrawal Y, Bannon SF
Am J Ther. 2016 Aug 17
PMID: 27574941

The role of thyroid in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy.
Aggarwal S, Papani R, Gupta V
Int J Cardiol. 2015 Jun 1; 188:34
PMID: 25880578

Can thyroid break your heart? Role of thyroid in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy: A single center retrospective study.
Aggarwal S, Papani R, Gupta V
Int J Cardiol. 2015 Apr 1; 184:545-6
PMID: 25767013

Ruptured Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm into the Left Atrium with Multiple Fistulous Communications: A Rare Cause of Heart Failure.
Agrawal Y, Chandrashekhar R, Pratt JW, Cole MD, Kamath S, Kalavakunta JK
Case Rep Cardiol. 2015; 2015:627946
PMID: 26819782

Immune Modulatory Therapy Causing Acute Coronary Syndrome.
Agrawal Y, Jacob C, Demchuk N, Tikaria R, Virupannavar S, Khajuria B, Kalavakunta JK
Am J Ther. 2015 Dec 29
PMID: 26720165

A Rare Aortic Valve Congenital Abnormality in Association with Coarctation of the Aorta.
Agrawal Y, Kalavakunta J, Gupta V
J Heart Valve Dis. 2015 Nov; 24:6:679-682
PMID: 27997770

Kytococcus schroeteri Bacteremia in a Patient with Hairy Cell Leukemia: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
Amaraneni A, Malik D, Jasra S, Chandana SR, Garg D
Case Rep Infect Dis. 2015; 2015:217307
PMID: 26064718

A different type of dominoes in the stomach.
Kalavakunta JK, Agrawal Y, Tokala H
Clin Case Rep. 2015 Oct; 3:10:899-900
PMID: 26509034

Giant Saphenous Venous Graft Aneurysm with Compression of the Pulmonary Artery: A Rare Cause of Heart Failure.
Kalavakunta JK, Agrawal Y, Williams A, Pratt JW, Saltiel F
Case Rep Cardiol. 2015; 2015:854296
PMID: 26649205

Modeling of high sodium intake effects on left ventricular hypertrophy.
Zhang Y, Liou WW, Gupta V
Comput Biol Med. 2015 Mar; 58:31-9
PMID: 25601615

Psychosis induced by zonisamide: a case report and review of the literature.
Abdoh M, Mersfelder TL, Melgar TA
Am J Ther. 2014 Jan-Feb; 21:1:e15-6
PMID: 22020087

Anaplasmosis.
Aggarwal S, Bannon S
J Glob Infect Dis. 2014 Jan; 6:1:47-8
PMID: 24741236

Displacement of impella post chest compressions.
Aggarwal S, Bannon S
Heart Views. 2014 Oct-Dec; 15:4:127-8
PMID: 25774256

Demographic parameters related to 30-day readmission of patients with congestive heart failure: analysis of 2,536,439 hospitalizations.
Aggarwal S, Gupta V
Int J Cardiol. 2014 Oct 20; 176:3:1343-4
PMID: 25147062

Lung herniation post cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Aggarwal S, Loehrke M
J Postgrad Med. 2014 Apr-Jun; 60:2:212-3
PMID: 24823533

Surviving sudden cardiac death secondary to anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery: a case report and literature review.
Alsara O, Kalavakunta JK, Hajjar V, Alsarah A, Cho N, Dhar G
Heart Lung. 2014 Sep-Oct; 43:5:476-80
PMID: 25012636

Bullous pemphigoid associated with dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors. A case report and review of literature.
Attaway A, Mersfelder TL, Vaishnav S, Baker JK
J Dermatol Case Rep. 2014 Mar 31; 8:1:24-8
PMID: 24748908

Engraftment syndrome after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation predicts poor outcomes.
Chang L, Frame D, Braun T, Gatza E, Hanauer DA, Zhao S, Magenau JM, Schultz K, Tokala H, Ferrara JL, Levine JE, Reddy P, Paczesny S, Choi SW
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2014 Sep; 20:9:1407-17
PMID: 24892262

Tuberculosis vaccine: time to look into future.
Chawla S, Garg D, Jain RB, Khanna P, Choudhary S, Sahoo S, Singh I
Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2014; 10:2:420-2
PMID: 24231233

A multicenter study of the family educational rights and privacy act and the standardized letter of recommendation: impact on emergency medicine residency applicant and faculty behaviors.
Diab J, Riley S, Downes A, Gaeta T, Hern HG, Hwang E, Kass L, Kelly M, Luber SD, Martel M, Minns A, Patterson L, Pazderka P, Sayan O, Thurman J, Vallee P, Overton D
J Grad Med Educ. 2014 Jun; 6:2:292-5
PMID: 24949134

A star in the eye: cat scratch neuroretinitis.
Gajula V, Kamepalli R, Kalavakunta JK
Clin Case Rep. 2014 Feb; 2:1:17
PMID: 25356231

Clinical value of chest computerized tomography scans in patients admitted with pneumonia.
Garg D, Johnson LB, Szpunar S, Fishbain JT
J Hosp Med. 2014 Jul; 9:7:447-50
PMID: 24677753

Minorities, men, and unmarried amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients are more likely to die in an acute care facility.
Goutman SA, Nowacek DG, Burke JF, Kerber KA, Skolarus LE, Callaghan BC
Amyotroph Lateral Scler Frontotemporal Degener. 2014 Sep; 15:5-6:440-3
PMID: 24920400

In-stent ulceration: an unusual pathology.
Kalavakunta JK, Gangula S, Gupta V
Case Rep Cardiol. 2014; 2014:893143
PMID: 24826314

An unusual cause of transient ischemic attack in a patient with pacemaker.
Kalavakunta JK, Gupta V, Paulus B, Lapenna W
Case Rep Cardiol. 2014; 2014:265759
PMID: 24826308

Structured P2P overlay of mobile brokers for realizing publish/subscribe communication in VANET.
Pandey T, Garg D, Gore MM
ScientificWorldJournal. 2014; 2014:136365
PMID: 24523629

Bleeding complications after cardiac catheterization.
Sage BD, Fittro K, Saltiel FS
JAAPA. 2014 Sep; 27:9:51-3
PMID: 25148444

Secondary parathyromatosis in a patient with normal kidney function: review of diagnostic modalities and approaches to management.
Scorza AB, Moore AG, Terry M, Bricker LA
Endocr Pract. 2014 Jan-Feb; 20:1:e4-7
PMID: 24013979

Upper-airway stimulation for obstructive sleep apnea.
Strollo PJ Jr, Soose RJ, Maurer JT, de Vries N, Cornelius J, Froymovich O, Hanson RD, Padhya TA, Steward DL, Gillespie MB, Woodson BT, Van de Heyning PH, Goetting MG, Vanderveken OM, Feldman N, Knaack L, Strohl KP, STAR Trial Group
N Engl J Med. 2014 Jan 9; 370:2:139-49
PMID: 24401051

A rare and serious unforeseen complication of cutting balloon angioplasty.
Vemula P, Kalavakunta JK, Abela GS, Karve M
Case Rep Cardiol. 2014; 2014:246784
PMID: 24826307

Isolated left main coronary artery stenosis after thoracic radiation therapy: to operate or not to operate.
Alsara O, Alsarah A, Kalavakunta JK, Laird-Fick H, Abela GS
Case Rep Med. 2013; 2013:834164
PMID: 24416042

Angiotensin II as a limiting agent to intracellular calcium signaling in inflammatory states.
Chang WJ, Chang YH, Toledo-Pereyra LH
J Surg Res. 2013 Nov; 185:1:e15-6
PMID: 23062222

Suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) as an agent to attenuate Toll-like receptor 4-induced septic shock.
Chang WJ, Chang YH, Toledo-Pereyra LH
J Surg Res. 2013 Nov; 185:1:e35-6
PMID: 23073512

The challenge behind brain death organ transplantation in liver ischemia and reperfusion injury.
Chang WJ, Chang YH, Toledo-Pereyra LH
J Surg Res. 2013 Apr; 180:2:250-1
PMID: 22494916

Mobile technology for the facilitation of direct observation and assessment of student performance.
Ferenchick GS, Solomon D, Foreback J, Towfiq B, Kavanaugh K, Warbasse L, Addison J, Chames F, Dandan A, Mohmand A
Teach Learn Med. 2013; 25:4:292-9
PMID: 24112197

Are students ready for meaningful use?
Ferenchick GS, Solomon D, Mohmand A, Towfiq B, Kavanaugh K, Warbasse L, Addison J, Chames F
Med Educ Online. 2013 Jan; 18:1:22495
PMID: 28166051

Are students ready for meaningful use?
Ferenchick GS, Solomon D, Mohmand A, Towfiq B, Kavanaugh K, Warbasse L, Addison J, Chames F
Med Educ Online. 2013 Nov 19; 18:22495
PMID: 24256741

Acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome requiring tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit: impact on managing uncertainty for patient-centered communication.
Johnson RF Jr, Gustin J
Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2013 Sep; 30:6:569-75
PMID: 23015728

HER2 status in elderly women with breast cancer.
Laird-Fick HS, Gardiner JC, Tokala H, Patel P, Wei S, Dimitrov NV
J Geriatr Oncol. 2013 Oct; 4:4:362-7
PMID: 24472480

An unusual cause of altered mental status in elderly-acute cerebellitis: a case report and review.
Patel P, Rayamajhi S, Tokala H, Laird-Fick H
Case Rep Med. 2013; 2013:653925
PMID: 24382966

Inhibition of Notch pathway attenuates the progression of human immunodeficiency virus-associated nephropathy.
Sharma M, Magenheimer LK, Home T, Tamano KN, Singhal PC, Hyink DP, Klotman PE, Vanden Heuvel GB, Fields TA
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2013 Apr 15; 304:8:F1127-36
PMID: 23389453

Gastric sarcoidosis: a rare clinical presentation.
Tokala H, Polsani K, Kalavakunta JK
Case Rep Gastrointest Med. 2013; 2013:260704
PMID: 24368949

Brain abscess induced by Propionibacterium acnes in a patient with severe chronic sinusitis.
Zaffiri L, Abdulmassih R, Boyaji S, Bagh I, Campbell AR, Loehrke ME
New Microbiol. 2013 Jul; 36:3:325-9
PMID: 23912875

Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome involving the central nervous system in a patient with HIV infection: a case report and review of literature.
Zaffiri L, Verma R, Struzzieri K, Monterroso J, Batts DH, Loehrke ME
New Microbiol. 2013 Jan; 36:1:89-92
PMID: 23435821