Research and Scholarly Activity

Orthopaedic Surgery Research and Scholarly Activity

The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery emphasizes both clinical and basic science research.  Many faculty have maintained an active role in scholarly pursuits and continue to provide ample opportunities for medical students and residents. Our department has partnered with many research programs within WMed. There is also a strong historical relationship with the School of Engineering at Western Michigan University. Many of the laboratories are housed within this school and have allowed for materials testing, orthopaedic implant design, and 3D printing.  More recently, our department has been charged to assist in the creation of a Masters of Science degree in Medical Engineering awarded by the medical school. The unique opportunity allows for entering Masters students to be immersed in all aspects of healthcare helping them to understand the complexities of patient care in order to create a quality improvement project or product. 

Each orthopaedic surgery resident is required to demonstrate scholarly activity and develop a thesis to be presented at one of our annual visiting professor events. Our residents are encouraged to submit their research work to local, regional, and national conferences. The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery supports these expenses by developing a Research and Educational Fund. Our department has also developed a Resident Research Committee that consists of orthopaedic faculty, biostatisticians, medical writers, and clinical research staff with the medical school to assist the resident in hypothesis driven research and study design. 

Thus, the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery is committed to pursuing inquiry, developing a culture of discovery, disseminating knowledge, and fostering critical and analytical thinking that encourages lifelong learning.

Research and Scholarly Activity, 2011-16

Orthopaedic Surgery Research Chart

Recent Publications

Biomechanical Proof for the Existence of the Anterolateral Ligament.
Chahla J, Geeslin AG, Cinque ME, LaPrade RF
Clin Sports Med. 2018 Jan; 37:1:33-40
PMID: 29173555

Burnout in Orthopaedic Surgeons: A Challenge for Leaders, Learners, and Colleagues: AOA Critical Issues.
Ames SE, Cowan JB, Kenter K, Emery S, Halsey D
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2017 Jul 19; 99:14:e78
PMID: 28719565

A Call for Standardization in Platelet-Rich Plasma Preparation Protocols and Composition Reporting: A Systematic Review of the Clinical Orthopaedic Literature.
Chahla J, Cinque ME, Piuzzi NS, Mannava S, Geeslin AG, Murray IR, Dornan GJ, Muschler GF, LaPrade RF
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2017 Oct 18; 99:20:1769-1779
PMID: 29040132

Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate Harvesting and Processing Technique.
Chahla J, Mannava S, Cinque ME, Geeslin AG, Codina D, LaPrade RF
Arthrosc Tech. 2017 Apr; 6:2:e441-e445
PMID: 28580265

Two-Tunnel Transtibial Repair of Radial Meniscus Tears Produces Comparable Results to Inside-Out Repair of Vertical Meniscus Tears.
Cinque ME, Geeslin AG, Chahla J, Dornan GJ, LaPrade RF
Am J Sports Med. 2017 May 1 :363546517704425
PMID: 28510478

The Heel Height Test: A Novel Tool for the Detection of Combined Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Fibular Collateral Ligament Tears.
Cinque ME, Geeslin AG, Chahla J, Moatshe G, Pogorzelski J, DePhillipo NN, LaPrade RF
Arthroscopy. 2017 Aug 16
PMID: 28822632

All-inside ACL reconstruction: How does it compare to standard ACL reconstruction techniques?
Connaughton AJ, Geeslin AG, Uggen CW
J Orthop. 2017 Jun; 14:2:241-246
PMID: 28360487

Incidence and Detection of Meniscal Ramp Lesions on Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Patients With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.
DePhillipo NN, Cinque ME, Chahla J, Geeslin AG, Engebretsen L, LaPrade RF
Am J Sports Med. 2017 May 1 :363546517704426
PMID: 28463534

Anterolateral Ligament Reconstruction Techniques, Biomechanics, and Clinical Outcomes: A Systematic Review.
DePhillipo NN, Cinque ME, Chahla J, Geeslin AG, LaPrade RF
Arthroscopy. 2017 May 11
PMID: 28502387

Plantar Plate Repair for Lesser Metatarsophalangeal Joint Instability.
Flint WW, Macias DM, Jastifer JR, Doty JF, Hirose CB, Coughlin MJ
Foot Ankle Int. 2017 Mar; 38:3:234-242
PMID: 27852647

Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation of Femoroacetabular Impingement: Part 1, Physical Examination.
Frangiamore S, Mannava S, Geeslin AG, Chahla J, Cinque ME, Philippon MJ
Arthrosc Tech. 2017 Oct; 6:5:e1993-e2001
PMID: 29399467

Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation of Femoroacetabular Impingement: Part 3, Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
Geeslin AG, Geeslin MG, Chahla J, Mannava S, Frangiamore S, Philippon MJ
Arthrosc Tech. 2017 Oct; 6:5:e2011-e2018
PMID: 29399469

Ligamentous Reconstruction of the Knee: What Orthopaedic Surgeons Want Radiologists to Know.
Geeslin AG, Geeslin MG, LaPrade RF
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2017 Apr; 21:2:75-88
PMID: 28355672

Anterolateral Knee Extra-articular Stabilizers: A Robotic Study Comparing Anterolateral Ligament Reconstruction and Modified Lemaire Lateral Extra-articular Tenodesis.
Geeslin AG, Moatshe G, Chahla J, Kruckeberg BM, Muckenhirn KJ, Dornan GJ, Coggins A, Brady AW, Getgood AM, Godin JA, LaPrade RF
Am J Sports Med. 2017 Dec 1 :363546517745268
PMID: 29268024

A Comprehensive Reanalysis of the Distal Iliotibial Band: Quantitative Anatomy, Radiographic Markers, and Biomechanical Properties.
Godin JA, Chahla J, Moatshe G, Kruckeberg BM, Muckenhirn KJ, Vap AR, Geeslin AG, LaPrade RF
Am J Sports Med. 2017 Jun 1 :363546517707961
PMID: 28609131

The Athletic Shoe in Football.
Jastifer J, Kent R, Crandall J, Sherwood C, Lessley D, McCullough KA, Coughlin MJ, Anderson RB
Sports Health. 2017 Mar/Apr; 9:2:126-131
PMID: 28151702

Gastrocnemius Contracture in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Jastifer JR, Green A
Foot Ankle Int. 2017 Sep 1 :1071100717728860
PMID: 28891302

Ball and Socket Ankle: Mechanism and Computational Evidence of Concept.
Jastifer JR, Gustafson PA, Labomascus A, Snoap T
J Foot Ankle Surg. 2017 Jul - Aug; 56:4:773-775
PMID: 28633775

Immediate and Delayed Passive Range of Motion After Total Shoulder Arthroplasty Did Not Differ for Function or Range of Motion at 1 Year.
Kenter K
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2017 Aug 16; 99:16:1393
PMID: 28816900

Platelet-Rich Plasma Augmentation for Hip Arthroscopy.
Mannava S, Chahla J, Geeslin AG, Cinque ME, Whitney KE, Evans TA, Frangiamore SJ, LeBus G, Godin J, LaPrade RF, Philippon MJ
Arthrosc Tech. 2017 Jun; 6:3:e763-e768
PMID: 28706829

Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation of Femoroacetabular Impingement: Part 2, Plain Radiography.
Mannava S, Geeslin AG, Frangiamore SJ, Cinque ME, Geeslin MG, Chahla J, Philippon MJ
Arthrosc Tech. 2017 Oct; 6:5:e2003-e2009
PMID: 29399468

Minimum Information for Studies Evaluating Biologics in Orthopaedics (MIBO): Platelet-Rich Plasma and Mesenchymal Stem Cells.
Murray IR, Geeslin AG, Goudie EB, Petrigliano FA, LaPrade RF
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2017 May 17; 99:10:809-819
PMID: 28509821

Infographic: we need minimum reporting standards for biologics.
Murray IR, Murray AD, Geeslin AG, Goudie EB, White TO, Petrigliano FA, LaPrade RF
Br J Sports Med. 2017 Aug 22
PMID: 28831016

Open Hip Dislocation Through the Scrotum without Osseous Injury: A Case Report.
Snoap T, Habeck J, Roberts J
JBJS Case Connect. 2017 Jan-Mar; 7:1:e2
PMID: 29244684

Calcaneus Fractures: A Possible Musculoskeletal Emergency.
Snoap T, Jaykel M, Williams C, Roberts J
J Emerg Med. 2017 Jan; 52:1:28-33
PMID: 27658550

Partial Tears of the Distal Biceps Brachii Tendon: A Systematic Review of Surgical Outcomes.
Behun MA, Geeslin AG, O'Hagan EC, King JC
J Hand Surg Am. 2016 Jul; 41:7:e175-89
PMID: 27212410

Distal Radius Fracture in a Surgeon's Dominant Wrist.
Gallagher E, Howard P, Ruiter T
Eplasty. 2016; 16:ic35
PMID: 27602179

Influence of lateral meniscal posterior root avulsions and the meniscofemoral ligaments on tibiofemoral contact mechanics.
Geeslin AG, Civitarese D, Turnbull TL, Dornan GJ, Fuso FA, LaPrade RF
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2016 May; 24:5:1469-77
PMID: 26249111

A Systematic Review of the Outcomes of Posterolateral Corner Knee Injuries, Part 1: Surgical Treatment of Acute Injuries.
Geeslin AG, Moulton SG, LaPrade RF
Am J Sports Med. 2016 May; 44:5:1336-42
PMID: 26260464

Effect of Real-Time Feedback on Screw Placement Into Synthetic Cancellous Bone.
Gustafson PA, Geeslin AG, Prior DM, Chess JL
J Orthop Trauma. 2016 Aug; 30:8:e279-84
PMID: 26978139

Biomechanical Evaluation of Strength and Stiffness of Subtalar Joint Arthrodesis Screw Constructs.
Jastifer JR, Alrafeek S, Howard P, Gustafson PA, Coughlin MJ
Foot Ankle Int. 2016 Apr; 37:4:419-26
PMID: 26635413

Three-Dimensional Printing and Surgical Simulation for Preoperative Planning of Deformity Correction in Foot and Ankle Surgery.
Jastifer JR, Gustafson PA
J Foot Ankle Surg. 2016 Mar 5
PMID: 26961413

Results of the Gravity Stress Examination in the Normal Patient Population.
Jastifer JR, Jaykel M
Foot Ankle Spec. 2016 Nov 21
PMID: 27872381

Gastrocnemius Contracture in Patients With and Without Foot Pathology.
Jastifer JR, Marston J
Foot Ankle Int. 2016 Nov; 37:11:1165-1170
PMID: 27450448

A Bariatric Surgery Primer for Orthopedic Surgeons.
Kingsberg JG, Halpern AA, Hill BC
Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2016 Jan; 45:1:E1-6
PMID: 26761920

AAOS Research Symposium Updates and Consensus: Biologic Treatment of Orthopaedic Injuries.
LaPrade RF, Dragoo JL, Koh JL, Murray IR, Geeslin AG, Chu CR
J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2016 Jul; 24:7:e62-78
PMID: 27227987

Biologic Treatments for Sports Injuries II Think Tank-Current Concepts, Future Research, and Barriers to Advancement, Part 1: Biologics Overview, Ligament Injury, Tendinopathy.
LaPrade RF, Geeslin AG, Murray IR, Musahl V, Zlotnicki JP, Petrigliano F, Mann BJ
Am J Sports Med. 2016 Dec; 44:12:3270-3283
PMID: 27159318

Early Onset Scoliosis-A Comprehensive Guide from the Oxford Meetings (2015).
Marston JA, Bovid K
J Invest Surg. 2016 Jun 7 :1
PMID: 27267083

A Pain in the Psoas: Groin Injury in a Collegiate Football Athlete.
Moriarty CM, Baker RJ
Sports Health. 2016 Aug 19
PMID: 27542388

A Systematic Review of the Outcomes of Posterolateral Corner Knee Injuries, Part 2: Surgical Treatment of Chronic Injuries.
Moulton SG, Geeslin AG, LaPrade RF
Am J Sports Med. 2016 Jun; 44:6:1616-23
PMID: 26260463

Biologic Treatments for Sports Injuries II Think Tank-Current Concepts, Future Research, and Barriers to Advancement, Part 2: Rotator Cuff.
Murray IR, LaPrade RF, Musahl V, Geeslin AG, Zlotnicki JP, Mann BJ, Petrigliano FA
Orthop J Sports Med. 2016 Mar 31; 4:3:2325967116636586
PMID: 27099865

Management of a Combined Femoral Head and Neck Fracture: A Case Report.
Snoap T, Freyder J, Roberts J
JBJS Case Connect. 2016 Oct-Dec; 6:4:e88
PMID: 29252742

The Reverse Ludloff Osteotomy for Bunionette Deformity.
Waizy H, Jastifer JR, Stukenborg-Colsman C, Claassen L
Foot Ankle Spec. 2016 Aug; 9:4:324-9
PMID: 27030363

Biologic Treatments for Sports Injuries II Think Tank-Current Concepts, Future Research, and Barriers to Advancement, Part 3: Articular Cartilage.
Zlotnicki JP, Geeslin AG, Murray IR, Petrigliano FA, LaPrade RF, Mann BJ, Musahl V
Orthop J Sports Med. 2016 Apr 15; 4:4:2325967116642433
PMID: 27123466

"Gangrenous Finger" Proven to be Acute Gout.
Gallagher E, Ruiter T
Eplasty. 2015; 15:ic29
PMID: 26171104

Exposure via sequential release of the metatarsophalangeal joint for plantar plate repair through a dorsal approach without an intraarticular osteotomy.
Jastifer JR, Coughlin MJ
Foot Ankle Int. 2015 Mar; 36:3:335-8
PMID: 25288329

Hindfoot deformity and calcaneal tuberosity osteotomies.
Jastifer JR, Coughlin MJ
Foot Ankle Spec. 2015 Feb; 8:1:50-8
PMID: 25380836

Long-term follow-up of mobile bearing total ankle arthroplasty in the United States.
Jastifer JR, Coughlin MJ
Foot Ankle Int. 2015 Feb; 36:2:143-50
PMID: 25201330

Low-Level Laser Therapy at 635 nm for Treatment of Chronic Plantar Fasciitis: A Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Study.
Macias DM, Coughlin MJ, Zang K, Stevens FR, Jastifer JR, Doty JF
J Foot Ankle Surg. 2015 Sep-Oct; 54:5:768-72
PMID: 25769363

Bilateral Frostbite of the Hands.
Snoap T, Gallagher E, Snoap A, Ruiter T
Eplasty. 2015; 15:ic37
PMID: 26191335

Hamate Fracture.
Snoap T, Habeck J, Ruiter T
Eplasty. 2015; 15:ic28
PMID: 26171103

Tick bite with target lesion complicating routine cast immobilization.
Snoap T, Ruiter T, Harter BT
Eplasty. 2015; 15:ic23
PMID: 25987946

The effect of load obliquity on the strength of locking and nonlocking constructs in synthetic osteoporotic bone.
Tensmeyer DF, Gustafson PA, Jastifer JR, Patel B, Chess JL
Med Eng Phys. 2015 Nov; 37:11:1047-52
PMID: 26391067

Prospective study of hammertoe correction with an intramedullary implant.
Catena F, Doty JF, Jastifer J, Coughlin MJ, Stevens F
Foot Ankle Int. 2014 Apr; 35:4:319-25
PMID: 24443491

Biofilm Disrupting Technology for Orthopedic Implants: What's on the Horizon?
Connaughton A, Childs A, Dylewski S, Sabesan VJ
Front Med (Lausanne). 2014; 1:22
PMID: 25705632

Topical review: locking plate technology in foot and ankle surgery.
Jastifer JR
Foot Ankle Int. 2014 May; 35:5:512-8
PMID: 24492280

Low-Level Laser Therapy for the Treatment of Chronic Plantar Fasciitis: A Prospective Study.
Jastifer JR, Catena F, Doty JF, Stevens F, Coughlin MJ
Foot Ankle Int. 2014 Feb 7; 35:6:566-571
PMID: 24510123

Osteochondral Lesions in Surgically Treated Hallux Valgus.
Jastifer JR, Coughlin MJ, Doty JF, Stevens FR, Hirose C, Kemp TJ
Foot Ankle Int. 2014 Jul; 35:7:643-9
PMID: 24709744

Sensory Nerve Dysfunction and Hallux Valgus Correction: A Prospective Study.
Jastifer JR, Coughlin MJ, Doty JF, Stevens FR, Hirose C, Kemp TJ
Foot Ankle Int. 2014 May 7; 35:8:757-763
PMID: 24807984

Comparison of radiographic and anatomic distal metatarsal articular angle in cadaver feet.
Jastifer JR, Coughlin MJ, Schutt S, Hirose C, Kennedy M, Grebing B, Smith B, Cooper T, Golano P, Viladot R, Doty JF
Foot Ankle Int. 2014 Apr; 35:4:389-93
PMID: 24521690

The subtalar joint: biomechanics and functional representations in the literature.
Jastifer JR, Gustafson PA
Foot (Edinb). 2014 Dec; 24:4:203-9
PMID: 25175840

Improving outcomes for posterolateral knee injuries.
Laprade RF, Griffith CJ, Coobs BR, Geeslin AG, Johansen S, Engebretsen L
J Orthop Res. 2014 Apr; 32:4:485-91
PMID: 24391078

Proximal junctional kyphosis and failure after spinal deformity surgery: a systematic review of the literature as a background to classification development.
Lau D, Clark AJ, Scheer JK, Daubs MD, Coe JD, Paonessa KJ, LaGrone MO, Kasten MD, Amaral RA, Trobisch PD, Lee JH, Fabris-Monterumici D, Anand N, Cree AK, Hart RA, Hey LA, Ames CP, SRS Adult Spinal Deformity Committee.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Dec 1; 39:25:2093-102
PMID: 25271516

Surgeon perception of cancellous screw fixation.
Stoesz MJ, Gustafson PA, Patel BV, Jastifer JR, Chess JL
J Orthop Trauma. 2014 Jan; 28:1:e1-7
PMID: 23782959

Treatment of chronic biceps tendon ruptures.
Dillon MT, King JC
Hand (N Y). 2013 Dec; 8:4:401-9
PMID: 24426957

Subtalar arthrodesis alignment: the effect on ankle biomechanics.
Jastifer JR, Gustafson PA, Gorman RR
Foot Ankle Int. 2013 Feb; 34:2:244-50
PMID: 23413065

Matching osteochondritis dissecans lesions in identical twin brothers.
Richie LB, Sytsma MJ
Orthopedics. 2013 Sep; 36:9:e1213-6
PMID: 24025016

Reliability of measurements of clavicle shaft fracture shortening in adolescents.
Silva SR, Fox J, Speers M, Seeley M, Bovid K, Farley FA, Vanderhave KL, Caird MS
J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Apr-May; 33:3:e19-22
PMID: 23482275